In the Nature Sports section we make use of the new nature sports - Geocaching, Pedestrianism and Canopy - accessible to all groups and ages.
Geocaching is an open-air sport which uses a satellite navigation receiver (Global Positioning System GPS) to find a geocache(or simply geocache) placed anywhere in the world. A typical cache is a small box (or tupperware ), closed and waterproof, which contains a log book and some objects, such as pens, pencil sharpeners, coins or dolls to exchange.
The GPS used in the geogame as a compass and altimeter .
The activity of geocaching has become possible due to the availability of the GPS signal called Selective Availability in May 1st 2000 for civilian purposes. The first placement of a cache using GPS occurred in May 3rd 2000 by Dave Ulmer. The location was announced on the newsgroup of sci.geo.satellite-nav. Three days later it was found twice and logged once.
Geocaching became popular, with significant growth worldwide. In November 29th of 2009, 948,950 active caches in 221 countries were counted. In December 31st of 2010,1,265,747 active caches in 221 countries were counted. Which shows an increase of 316797 caches in just over a year. All these numbers are advertised in the largest site dedicated to the game, geocaching.com, although there are other pages dedicated to the game, but with much smaller numbers. Today there are more than six million hidden caches and more than 2 million practitioners.
Geocacher is the term used for those who participate in this recreational activity.