Adapted Sports - We use Boccia - specific section for disabled citizens but who will be involved other members of the community to empower community cohesion
Boccia has influences of the traditional game, petanque, derived from the Greek and Roman civilizations, making it a Paralympic sport in the 1984 Games in New York. This is the main sport for athletes with cerebral palsy.
It is a precision indoor sport, in which balls are thrown, six blue leather and six red, in order to place them as close to a white ball called "jack" or target ball. It is allowed the use of hands, feet or aid instruments for athletes with great impairment in the upper and lower limbs. This sport can be played individually, in pairs or teams.
Before starting the match, the referee flips a coin to choose the color of the balls that each team will compete with, however entitles participants the right to choose whether to compete with the red or blue leather balls. The side that chooses the red balls starts the match, first playing the "jack" and a red ball. Then it's the turn of the blue ball to come into action. From then on, opponents take turns to see who can position the balls as close to the "jack" as possible. The matches take place in covered pavilions, with demarcations on the flat floor. The playing area measures 6m wide by 12.5m long.
To win a point, the player must play the ball as close to the "jack". If the same player has placed other balls closer to the target, each one is worth one point. If two balls of different colors are the same distance from the white sphere (Jack), the two sides are given a point.
The winner is who accumulates the highest score.
Players can be classified in four classes:
- BC1: Athletes may compete with the help of assistants, who must remain outside the athlete' s playing area. The assistant can only stabilize or adjust the player' s chair and deliver the ball on request.
- BC2: Players can not receive assistance.
- BC3: For players more limited in functionality, since they can not throw the balls. To launch the balls, players use assistive devices, gutters, helmets with pointers and are always assisted by an accompanying person who should always keep his back to the play area. If this rule is broken the player will suffer penalt ies.
- BC4: For players with other locomotor disabilities, but who are totally autonomous in relation to the functionality required by the game and can not receive aid.